Difference Between Declaration and Definition of a Variable in C

Declaration specifies the properties of a variable.

For example:

    int x;              /* x is an integer */
    int roll_no[];      /* roll_no is an array of integers */

Definition declares a variable and causes the storage to be allocated.

For example:

    int x = 10;         /* x is declared as an integer and allocated space and initialized to 10 */
    int roll_no[100];   /* roll_no is declared as an array of integers, allocated space for 100 integers */

 

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